In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the most common and well-known fertility treatments. It involves the process of manually combining an egg and a sperm in a laboratory dish to encourage fertilization.
At Mexico Fertility Center, we utilize an extremely thorough 5 Step Process to promote fertilization. Dr. Garza and his team of fertility specialists carefully monitor each step of the IVF process and provide you with continual updates.
1. Ovarian Stimulation
Dr. Garza may prescribe fertility medication to stimulate your ovaries to increase the chance of collecting multiple eggs. Since not all eggs will become fertilized, it is important to retrieve multiple eggs to increase the chance of fertilization.
2. Collect Eggs
Eggs are retrieved through a minor surgical procedure that uses an ultrasound.
3. Collect Sperm
Sperm is obtained from your male partner (or sperm donor) and prepared for the fertilization process.
Dr. Garza combines the eggs and the sperm together in incubators designed to promote fertilization. Once fertilization is confirmed, the eggs are considered embryos.
5. Embryo Transfer
After successful fertilization is confirmed, Dr. Garza transfers the desired number of embryos back into your uterus within 1-6 days.
Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
With Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Dr. Garza injects a single sperm directly into the center of an egg that has been extracted from the woman’s body. If fertilization occurs, the embryo(s) is then placed back in the woman’s uterus, just as in an IVF treatment.
ICSI is typically used in cases of male infertility, including:
Low sperm count
Sperm are abnormally shaped
Poor quality and movement of sperm
Fertilization was not achieved with previous IVF treatments
What’s the process for ICSI?
Similar to IVF treatment, you’ll be given fertility drugs to stimulate your ovaries and promote the growth of follicles. To ensure the safety and effectiveness of this process, Dr. Garza will continually monitor your progress with blood tests and ultrasounds.
Once your follicles have reached maturity, your eggs with be retrieved using an ultrasound-guided needle. The eggs that are collected will be placed in a culture. Your male partner must then provide a semen sample, which we prepare in our laboratory. A single sperm is injected into each suitable egg that was retrieved.
Within 24 hours, we inspect your eggs for fertilization. Eggs that have normal, healthy fertilization are cultured in our lab for an additional day or two so that we can closely monitor the development of the embryos. Dr. Garza and his team will provide you with continual updates on the progress of fertilization.
Within 2-5 days following retrieval of your eggs, Dr. Garza will perform the embryo transfer procedure. Using a catheter placed through your cervix, Dr. Garza will transfer approximately 2-3 healthy embryos, depending on your preferences, back into your uterus.
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) supports natural fertilization. Specially-prepared sperm is placed directly inside the woman’s uterus, prior to the release of an egg, to increase the chances of pregnancy. You may know this procedure by its more common name, artificial insemination.
IUI is a suitable treatment option for couples that meet certain criteria, including:
Women with open fallopian tubes
Women with low levels of cervical mucus
Men with normal semen, but low sperm count
How does IUI work?
IUI provides an opportunity for fertilization to occur naturally inside of your body. The process involves tracking the progress of your menstrual cycle. Dr. Garza uses blood tests and ultrasounds to monitor your hormone levels to determine when you will be ovulating.
Once ovulation is confirmed, your male partner will provide a semen sample, which will be prepared in our laboratory. The goal of this process is to collect a sufficient number of healthy sperm. Using a catheter, these sperm are then introduced into your uterus on the day of ovulation.
At Mexico Fertility Center, we administer Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (HCG) by injection to mature your eggs. IUI is typically performed within 24-36 hours of receiving the HCG injection.
Embryo Vitrification (Freezing)
Embryo Vitrification, or embryo cryopreservation, involves freezing surplus embryos from an IVF or ICSI cycle to be used at a later date. Embryos can be stored safely for up to 5 years.
Vitrification is a cutting-edge technique that is responsible for increasing the success rates of frozen/thawed embryos to near those of fresh embryos.
At Mexico Fertility Center, the process involves cryo-storing the embryos in liquid nitrogen with high concentrations of cryo-protectants. This helps alleviate the issue of ice crystal formation, which is common in traditional freezing.
Ovulation Induction (OI)
During Ovulation Induction, a specialist administers fertility drugs in a controlled manner to stimulate the ovaries. The goal of this process is to produce mature eggs.
Dr. Garza and his team use blood tests and ultrasounds to monitor your ovulation. Once a mature egg is produced, you will be instructed of when intercourse should occur to increase your chances of becoming pregnant.
OI is typically used when a woman is not ovulating in a predictable manner or when irregular menstrual cycles are present. In many cases, couples that use OI treatment will conceive after only a few months.
Assisted Hatching involves the creation of an opening in the zona pellucida, or egg shell of the embryo, to promote a higher rate of implantation. Dr. Garza performs assisted hatching using a computerized laser to minimize the effects on the embryo.
This procedure may be beneficial for women over 35 years old, couples who have experienced previous IVF failures or in conjunction with embryo vitrification.
Blastocyst Transfer IVF
This innovative process allows embryos to grow in vitro for a longer period of time, providing a greater opportunity to select the most developed embryos for transfer.
During Blastocyst Transfer IVF, Dr. Garza and his team employ cutting-edge technology to grow your embryos in vitro for up to 5 days. Since embryos are selected for transfer based on their development, fewer embryos can be transferred, allowing for increased rates of pregnancy and decreased rates of multiples.
Testicular Biopsy is used to collect sperm directly from the testes when the male partner is producing sperm that is not present in the semen. Depending on a patient’s circumstances, there are two procedures for extracting sperm.
The first technique is Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA), in which a needle is inserted into the male’s tubes to collect sperm. If PESA is not an option due to blockages in the tubes, Dr. Garza may perform a biopsy.
This procedure involves the removal of tissue from the testes, which is later processed for the collection of sperm.
Sperm extracted from the male partner through either of the aforementioned procedures is only suitable for use in an ICSI treatment.
PGS – Pre-implantation Genetic Screening
Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening (PGS) is the process of performing a biopsy on embryos to identify which of the embryos is at risk for specific genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis.
PGS can also screen embryos for an abnormal number of chromosomes, which can be an indication of other genetic disorders.
PGS may be considered if you have experienced multiple miscarriages or have a history of unsuccessful implantation.
This procedure helps Dr. Garza determine which embryos do not have any indicators present for genetic disease, increasing your chances for successful implantation.
Almater Medical Specialties Tower
Suite 107 (1ST. FLOOR)
148 "C" Street, Nueva
21100, Mexicali, BC. México
(686) 552 3487
From the U.S.
+52 (686) 582 3666
9am - 7.30pm
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Mexicali, BC, México